Genome Canada Annual Report 2016-17 15 of genomics to predict, detect and prevent cyanotoxin outbreaks. Led by Drs. Sébastien Sauvé and Jesse Shapiro of the Université de Montréal, along with Sarah Dorner of Polytechnique Montréal, the ATRAPP team will develop a chemical- genomic diagnostic toolkit. This toolkit will assess the risk of toxicity in water sources, and guide municipali- ties and water quality authorities in prevention and treatment strategies. “Including genomic data will allow us to have an unprecedented database to build a much stronger model,” says Dr. Sauvé. “The genomic work will allow us to better understand the links with a broad range of toxins and hopefully identify which genomic biomarkers are best suited to help detection and prediction of blooms.” Detection and prediction are particularly crucial because it is currently possible for drinking water to become contaminated by toxic algal blooms without that contamination being detected. The ATRAPP project aims to propose procedures to detect algal outbreaks so that drinking water treatment can be adjusted to prevent exposure. The $12.3-million Algal Blooms, Treatment, Risk Assessment, Prediction and Preven- tion through Genomics (ATRAPP) project is one of 13 large-scale applied research projects delivering genomics solutions to challenges in Canada’s environment and natural resource sectors. ATRAPP partners include Génome Québec, among others. “Our partnership in the Algal Blooms, Treatment, Risk Assessment, Prediction and Prevention through Genomics project has enhanced our ability to identify the cyanobacteria that contaminate our water treatment facilities and determine the best methods for preventing and eliminating them. It is also helping us keep the Richelieu River clean.” — Eric Desbiens, chief of potable water division, City of Saint-Jean-sur- Richelieu, Quebec Boats moored in a harbour overtaken by algae. Opposite page: Algae in water.