Genome Canada Annual Report 2016-17 1 As Canada celebrates its 150th anniversary, it is worth reflecting on the crucial role that science and innovation have played in our nation’s development. Canada is renowned for its rich natural resources, and homegrown scientific breakthroughs have driven key developments within our agriculture, forestry, fisheries, aquaculture, energy and mining sectors, which have been a boon to Canada’s economy. In health care, these same scientific breakthroughs have saved lives and improved quality of life for Canadians and people worldwide. While many areas of science and technology have shaped Canada and the world for decades, genomics is a relatively young science. Still, impacts of Canadian research in the field are starting to be felt at home and abroad. We are beginning to reap the benefits of investments that the Government of Canada, provincial governments and other partners have made since 2000 in creating a thriv- ing Canadian genomics enterprise. Genome Canada has led the way in building up large-scale genomics research capac- ity, infrastructure and a foundation of fundamental research work. This has put Genome Canada in a position to seize on opportunities – opened up by advances in technology – to shift into the realm of genomics applications and innova- tions benefiting society. Messages from the Chair, and the President and Chief Executive Officer “Canada is a scientific hub and global leader in genomics.” — Moura Quayle, chair PHOTOS: JEAN-MARC CARISSE Genome Canada’s programs are evolving to translate genomics research into applications across sectors of importance to Canada’s economy and society. Industries as diverse as pork production, offshore oil and gas exploration, site decontamination and drug development are not only becoming aware of the power and potential of genomics to advance their fields, but are co-investing in applied genomics research projects to derive maximum benefit from the solutions genomics can offer. Such research partnerships are not created overnight. It is a process, one that sometimes takes years, for those in the private, public and not-for-profit sectors to realize what genomics is and what it can do for them. As an example, key players in the mining industry are now full- fledged partners in multiple projects, using genomics as a tool to better monitor, manage and treat mining wastewater, among other things. Looking ahead, Genome Canada plans to increase outreach to in- dustry, government departments and others who are dealing with